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April 12 Historical Events

The following events took place on April 12. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 43 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 238
    Gordian II loses the Battle of Carthage against the Numidian forces loyal to Maximinus Thrax and is killed. Gordian I, his father, commits suicide.
  • 240
    Shapur I is crowned as king of the Sasanian Empire.
  • 467
    Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 627
    King Edwin of Northumbria is converted to Christianity by Paulinus, bishop of York.
  • 1204
    The Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade breach the walls of Constantinople and enter the city, which they completely occupy the following day.
  • 1606
    The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of English and Scottish ships.
  • 1776
    American Revolution: With the Halifax Resolves, the North Carolina Provincial Congress authorizes its Congressional delegation to vote for independence from Britain.
  • 1820
    Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.
  • 1831
    Soldiers marching on the Broughton Suspension Bridge in Manchester, England cause it to collapse.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: The Andrews Raid (the Great Locomotive Chase) occurs, starting from Big Shanty, Georgia (now Kennesaw).
  • 1864
    American Civil War: The Battle of Fort Pillow: Confederate forces kill most of the African American soldiers that surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama, falls to the Union Army.
  • 1877
    The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
  • 1910
    SMS Zrínyi, one of the last pre-dreadnought battleships built by the Austro-Hungarian Navy, is launched.
  • 1917
    World War I: Canadian forces successfully complete the taking of Vimy Ridge from the Germans.
  • 1927
    Shanghai massacre of 1927: Chiang Kai-shek orders the Communist Party of China members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front.
  • 1927
    Rocksprings, Texas was hit by an F5 tornado that destroyed 235 of the 247 buildings in the town and killed 72 townspeople and injured 205; third deadliest tornado in Texas history.
  • 1928
    The Bremen, a German Junkers W 33 type aircraft, takes off for the first successful transatlantic aeroplane flight from east to west.
  • 1934
    The strongest surface wind gust in the world at the time of 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire. It has since been surpassed.
  • 1934
    The U.S. Auto-Lite strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
  • 1935
    First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.
  • 1937
    Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at Rugby, England.
  • 1945
    U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; Vice President Harry Truman, becomes President upon Roosevelt’s death.
  • 1945
    The U.S. Ninth Army under General William H. Simpson crosses the Elbe River astride Magdeburg, and reached Tangermünde—only 50 miles from Berlin.
  • 1955
    The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
  • 1961
    The Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to travel into outer space and perform the first manned orbital flight, Vostok 1.
  • 1963
    The Soviet nuclear-powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish straits.
  • 1970
    Soviet submarine K-8, carrying four nuclear torpedoes, sinks in the Bay of Biscay four days after a fire on board.
  • 1980
    Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'état, ending over 130 years of minority Americo-Liberian rule over the country.

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