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February 12 Historical Events

The following events took place on February 12. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 47 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 881
    Pope John VIII crowns Charles the Fat, the King of Italy: Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1429
    English forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orléans from attack by the Comte de Clermont and Sir John Stewart of Darnley in the Battle of Rouvray (also known as the Battle of the Herrings).
  • 1502
    Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India.
  • 1541
    Santiago, Chile is founded by Pedro de Valdivia.
  • 1554
    A year after claiming the throne of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is beheaded for treason.
  • 1593
    Japanese invasion of Korea: Approximately 3,000 Joseon defenders led by general Kwon Yul successfully repel more than 30,000 Japanese forces in the Siege of Haengju.
  • 1689
    The Convention Parliament declares that the flight to France in 1688 by James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch, constitutes an abdication.
  • 1733
    Englishman James Oglethorpe founds Georgia, the 13th colony of the Thirteen Colonies, and its first city at Savannah (known as Georgia Day).
  • 1771
    Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
  • 1814
    Battle of Château-Thierry (1814)
  • 1814
    Battle of La Victoria (1814)
  • 1816
    The Teatro di San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is destroyed by fire.
  • 1817
    An Argentine/Chilean patriotic army, after crossing the Andes, defeats Spanish troops on the Battle of Chacabuco.
  • 1818
    Bernardo O'Higgins formally approves the Chilean Declaration of Independence near Concepción, Chile.
  • 1825
    The Creek cede the last of their lands in Georgia to the United States government by the Treaty of Indian Springs, and migrate west.
  • 1832
    Ecuador annexes the Galápagos Islands.
  • 1851
    Edward Hargraves announces that he has found gold in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia, starting the Australian gold rushes.
  • 1855
    Michigan State University is established.
  • 1894
    Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into the Cafe Terminus in Paris, France, killing one and wounding 20.
  • 1909
    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded.
  • 1909
    New Zealand’s worst maritime disaster of the 20th century happens when the SS Penguin, an inter-island ferry, sinks and explodes at the entrance to Wellington Harbour.
  • 1912
    The Xuantong Emperor, the last Emperor of China, abdicates.
  • 1914
    In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
  • 1921
    Bolsheviks launch a revolt in Georgia as a preliminary to the Soviet invasion of Georgia.
  • 1924
    George Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue received its premiere in a concert titled “An Experiment in Modern Music,” in Aeolian Hall, New York, by Paul Whiteman and his band, with Gershwin playing the piano.
  • 1934
    The Austrian Civil War begins.
  • 1934
    In Spain the national council of Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista decides to merge the movement with the Falange Española.
  • 1935
    USS Macon, one of the two largest helium-filled airships ever created, crashes into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California and sinks.
  • 1946
    World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.
  • 1946
    African American United States Army veteran Isaac Woodard is severely beaten by a South Carolina police officer to the point where he loses his vision in both eyes. The incident later galvanizes the Civil Rights Movement and partially inspires Orson Welles’ film Touch of Evil.

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