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January 18 Birthday Events Poster

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January 18 Historical Events

The following events took place on January 18. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 56 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 350
    General Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor.
  • 474
    Seven-year-old Leo II succeeds his maternal grandfather Leo I as Byzantine emperor. He dies ten months later.
  • 532
    Nika riots in Constantinople fail.
  • 1126
    Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Emperor Qinzong.
  • 1486
    King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV.
  • 1535
    Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founds Lima, the capital of Peru.
  • 1562
    Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session.
  • 1591
    King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Mingyi Swa of Burma in single combat, for which this date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day.
  • 1670
    Henry Morgan captures Panama.
  • 1701
    Frederick I crowns himself King of Prussia in Königsberg.
  • 1778
    James Cook is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he names the “Sandwich Islands”.
  • 1788
    The first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrive at Botany Bay.
  • 1866
    Wesley College, Melbourne, is established.
  • 1871
    Wilhelm I of Germany is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles (France) towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. The empire is known as the Second Reich to Germans.
  • 1884
    Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.
  • 1886
    Modern hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
  • 1896
    An X-ray generating machine is exhibited for the first time by H. L. Smith.
  • 1903
    United States President Theodore Roosevelt sends a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States. Citation needed reason=Plaque at site says 19 Jan; 'sources vary'?
  • 1911
    Eugene B. Ely lands on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in San Francisco Bay, the first time an aircraft landed on a ship.
  • 1913
    First Balkan War: A Greek flotilla defeats the Ottoman Navy in the Naval Battle of Lemnos, securing the islands of the Northern Aegean Sea for Greece.
  • 1915
    Japan issues the “Twenty-One Demands” to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia.
  • 1916
    A 611-gram chondrite type meteorite strikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri.
  • 1919
    World War I: The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France.
  • 1919
    Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Prime Minister of the newly independent Poland.
  • 1919
    Bentley Motors Limited is founded.
  • 1941
    World War II: British troops launch a general counter-offensive against Italian East Africa.
  • 1943
    Warsaw Ghetto Uprising: The first uprising of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.
  • 1944
    The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers are Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.
  • 1944
    World War II: Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, effectively ending a three-year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad.
  • 1945
    World War II: Liberation of the Budapest Ghetto by the Red Army.

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