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January 26 Birthday Events Poster

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January 26 Historical Events

The following events took place on January 26. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 60 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 1500
    Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil.
  • 1531
    Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake—thousands die.
  • 1564
    The Council of Trent issues its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
  • 1564
    The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeats the Tsardom of Russia in the Battle of Ula during the Livonian War.
  • 1565
    Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Islamic sultanates of the Deccan, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
  • 1589
    Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
  • 1699
    Treaty of Karlowitz is signed.
  • 1700
    The magnitude 9 Cascadia earthquake takes place off the west coast of North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
  • 1736
    Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne.
  • 1788
    The British First Fleet, led by Arthur Phillip, sails into Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour) to establish Sydney, the first permanent European settlement on the continent. Commemorated as Australia Day.
  • 1808
    Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
  • 1837
    Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state.
  • 1838
    Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
  • 1841
    The United Kingdom formally occupies Hong Kong, which China later formally cedes.
  • 1855
    Point No Point Treaty is signed in Washington Territory.
  • 1856
    First Battle of Seattle. Marines from the USS Decatur drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: The state of Louisiana secedes from the Union.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: General Ambrose Burnside is relieved of command of the Army of the Potomac after the disastrous Fredericksburg campaign. He is replaced by Joseph Hooker.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: Governor of Massachusetts John Albion Andrew receives permission from the Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent.
  • 1870
    American Civil War: Virginia rejoins the Union.
  • 1885
    Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquer Khartoum, killing the Governor-General Charles George Gordon.
  • 1905
    The world’s largest diamond ever, the Cullinan weighing 3106.75 carat, is found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria in South Africa.
  • 1907
    The Short Magazine Lee–Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the second oldest military rifle still in official use.
  • 1911
    Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful American seaplane.
  • 1911
    Richard Strauss’ opera Der Rosenkavalier receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera.
  • 1915
    The Rocky Mountain National Park is established by an act of the U.S. Congress.
  • 1918
    Finnish Civil War: A group of Red Guards hangs a red lantern atop the tower of Helsinki Workers’ Hall to symbolically mark the start of the war.
  • 1920
    Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
  • 1924
    Saint Petersburg, Russia, is renamed Leningrad.
  • 1930
    The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (“Complete Independence”) which occurred 17 years later.

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