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July 1 Historical Events

The following events took place on July 1. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 91 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 69
    Tiberius Julius Alexander orders his Roman legions in Alexandria to swear allegiance to Vespasian as Emperor.
  • 552
    Battle of Taginae: Byzantine forces under Narses defeat the Ostrogoths in Italy. During the fighting king Totila is mortally wounded.
  • 1097
    Battle of Dorylaeum: Crusaders led by prince Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Seljuk army led by sultan Kilij Arslan I.
  • 1431
    The Battle of La Higueruela takes place in Granada, leading to a modest advance of the Kingdom of Castile during the Reconquista.
  • 1523
    Johann Esch and Heinrich Voes become the first Lutheran martyrs, burned at the stake by Roman Catholic authorities in Brussels.
  • 1569
    Union of Lublin: The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania confirm a real union; the united country is called the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth or the Republic of Both Nations.
  • 1643
    First meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians (“divines”) and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1690
    Glorious Revolution: Battle of the Boyne in Ireland (as reckoned under the Julian calendar).
  • 1766
    Jean-François de la Barre, a young French nobleman, is tortured and beheaded before his body is burnt on a pyre along with a copy of Voltaire’s Dictionnaire philosophique nailed to his torso for the crime of not saluting a Roman Catholic religious procession in Abbeville, France.
  • 1770
    Lexell’s Comet passes closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.0146 a.u.
  • 1782
    Raid on Lunenburg: American privateers attack the British settlement of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
  • 1837
    A system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths is established in England and Wales.
  • 1855
    Signing of the Quinault Treaty: The Quinault and the Quileute cede their land to the United States.
  • 1858
    Joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace’s papers on evolution to the Linnean Society in London.
  • 1862
    The Russian State Library is founded as the Library of the Moscow Public Museum.
  • 1862
    Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria, marries Prince Louis of Hesse, the future Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place. It is the final battle in the Seven Days Campaign, part of George B. McClellan’s Peninsula Campaign.
  • 1863
    Keti Koti (Emancipation Day) in Suriname, marking the abolition of slavery by the Netherlands.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg begins.
  • 1867
    The British North America Act of 1867 takes effect as the Constitution of Canada, creating the Canadian Confederation and the federal dominion of Canada; Sir John A. Macdonald is sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Canada. This date is commemorated annually in Canada as Canada Day, a national holiday.
  • 1870
    The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.
  • 1873
    Prince Edward Island joins the Canadian Confederation.
  • 1874
    The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, goes on sale.
  • 1878
    Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1879
    Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
  • 1881
    The world’s first international telephone call is made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.
  • 1881
    General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell and Childers reforms of the British Army, comes into effect.
  • 1885
    The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
  • 1890
    Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
  • 1898
    Spanish–American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill is fought in Santiago de Cuba.

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