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July 19 Birthday Events Poster

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July 19 Historical Events

The following events took place on July 19. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 43 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 484
    Leontius, Roman usurper, is crowned Eastern emperor at Tarsus (modern Turkey). He is recognized in Antioch and makes it his capital.
  • 711
    Umayyad conquest of Hispania: Battle of Guadalete: Umayyad forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by King Roderic.
  • 998
    Arab–Byzantine wars: Battle of Apamea: Fatimids defeat a Byzantine army near Apamea.
  • 1333
    Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Halidon Hill: The English win a decisive victory over the Scots.
  • 1544
    Italian War of 1542–46: The first Siege of Boulogne begins.
  • 1545
    The Tudor warship Mary Rose sinks off Portsmouth; in 1982 the wreck is salvaged in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
  • 1553
    Lady Jane Grey is replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England after only nine days on the throne.
  • 1588
    Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Gravelines: The Spanish Armada is sighted in the English Channel.
  • 1701
    Representatives of the Iroquois Confederacy sign the Nanfan Treaty, ceding a large territory north of the Ohio River to England.
  • 1702
    Great Northern War: A numerically superior Polish-Saxon army of Augustus II the Strong, operating from an advantageous defensive position, is defeated by a Swedish army half its size under the command of King Charles XII in the Battle of Klissow.
  • 1821
    Coronation of George IV of the United Kingdom.
  • 1832
    The British Medical Association is founded as the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association by Sir Charles Hastings at a meeting in the Board Room of the Worcester Infirmary.
  • 1843
    Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and becoming the largest vessel afloat in the world.
  • 1848
    Women’s rights: A two-day Women’s Rights Convention opens in Seneca Falls, New York.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: Morgan’s Raid: At Buffington Island in Ohio, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan’s raid into the north is mostly thwarted when a large group of his men are captured while trying to escape across the Ohio River.
  • 1864
    Taiping Rebellion: Third Battle of Nanking: The Qing dynasty finally defeats the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
  • 1870
    Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
  • 1900
    The first line of the Paris Métro opens for operation.
  • 1903
    Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
  • 1916
    World War I: Battle of Fromelles: British and Australian troops attack German trenches in a prelude to the Battle of the Somme.
  • 1919
    Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen riot and burn down Luton Town Hall.
  • 1940
    World War II: Battle of Cape Spada: The Royal Navy and the Regia Marina clash; the Italian light cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni sinks, with 121 casualties.
  • 1940
    Field Marshal Ceremony: First occasion in World War II, that Hitler appointed field marshals due to military achievements.
  • 1940
    World War II: Army order 112 forms the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.
  • 1942
    World War II: Battle of the Atlantic: German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to the effective American convoy system.
  • 1943
    World War II: Rome is heavily bombed by more than 500 Allied aircraft, inflicting thousands of casualties.
  • 1947
    The Prime Minister of the shadow Burmese government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members are assassinated by Galon U Saw.
  • 1947
    Korean politician Lyuh Woon-hyung is assassinated.
  • 1952
    The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were opened in Helsinki, Finland.
  • 1961
    Tunisia imposes a blockade on the French naval base at Bizerte; the French would capture the entire town four days later.

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