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July 2 Birthday Events Poster

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July 2 Historical Events

The following events took place on July 2. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 47 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 437
    Emperor Valentinian III begins his reign over the Western Roman Empire. His mother Galla Placidia ends her regency, but continues to exercise political influence at the court in Rome.
  • 626
    Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Xuanwu Gate Incident.
  • 706
    In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang inters the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an.
  • 963
    The imperial army proclaims Nikephoros II Phokas Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
  • 1298
    The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.
  • 1494
    The Treaty of Tordesillas is ratified by Spain.
  • 1504
    Bogdan III the One-Eyed becomes Voivode of Moldavia.
  • 1555
    The Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
  • 1561
    Menas, emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
  • 1582
    Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
  • 1613
    The first English expedition (from Virginia) against Acadia led by Samuel Argall takes place.
  • 1644
    English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.
  • 1698
    Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine.
  • 1776
    The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with the Kingdom of Great Britain although the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence is not approved until July 4.
  • 1777
    Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.
  • 1816
    The French frigate Méduse struck the Bank of Arguin and 151 people on board had to be evacuated on an improvised raft, a case immortalised by Géricault’s painting The Raft of the Medusa.
  • 1822
    Thirty-five slaves are hanged in South Carolina, including Denmark Vesey, after being accused of organizing a slave rebellion.
  • 1823
    Bahia Independence Day: The end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
  • 1839
    Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué take over the slave ship Amistad.
  • 1839
    Abdülmecid I became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.
  • 1853
    The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia—providing the spark that set off the Crimean War.
  • 1871
    Victor Emmanuel II of Italy enters Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States.
  • 1881
    Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from an infection on September 19.
  • 1890
    The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act.
  • 1897
    Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtains a patent for radio in London.
  • 1900
    The first Zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
  • 1900
    Jean Sibelius’ Finlandia receives its première performance in Helsinki with the Helsinki Philharmonic Society conducted by Robert Kajanus.
  • 1917
    The East St. Louis riots end.
  • 1921
    World War I: U.S. President Warren G. Harding signs the Knox–Porter Resolution formally ending the war between the United States and Imperial Germany.
  • 1934
    The Night of the Long Knives ends with the death of Ernst Röhm.

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