The following events took place on July 2. The list is arranged in chronological order.
Found 47 events. Showing 1 - 30.
- 437Emperor Valentinian III begins his reign over the Western Roman Empire. His mother Galla Placidia ends her regency, but continues to exercise political influence at the court in Rome.
- 626Li Shimin, the future Emperor Taizong of Tang, ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Xuanwu Gate Incident.
- 706In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang inters the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an.
- 963The imperial army proclaims Nikephoros II Phokas Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.
- 1298The Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.
- 1494The Treaty of Tordesillas is ratified by Spain.
- 1504Bogdan III the One-Eyed becomes Voivode of Moldavia.
- 1555The Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
- 1561Menas, emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
- 1582Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
- 1613The first English expedition (from Virginia) against Acadia led by Samuel Argall takes place.
- 1644English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.
- 1698Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine.
- 1776The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with the Kingdom of Great Britain although the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence is not approved until July 4.
- 1777Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.
- 1816The French frigate Méduse struck the Bank of Arguin and 151 people on board had to be evacuated on an improvised raft, a case immortalised by Géricault’s painting The Raft of the Medusa.
- 1822Thirty-five slaves are hanged in South Carolina, including Denmark Vesey, after being accused of organizing a slave rebellion.
- 1823Bahia Independence Day: The end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
- 1839Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinqué take over the slave ship Amistad.
- 1839Abdülmecid I became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.
- 1853The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia—providing the spark that set off the Crimean War.
- 1871Victor Emmanuel II of Italy enters Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States.
- 1881Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from an infection on September 19.
- 1890The U.S. Congress passes the Sherman Antitrust Act.
- 1897Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi obtains a patent for radio in London.
- 1900The first Zeppelin flight takes place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
- 1900Jean Sibelius’ Finlandia receives its première performance in Helsinki with the Helsinki Philharmonic Society conducted by Robert Kajanus.
- 1917The East St. Louis riots end.
- 1921World War I: U.S. President Warren G. Harding signs the Knox–Porter Resolution formally ending the war between the United States and Imperial Germany.
- 1934The Night of the Long Knives ends with the death of Ernst Röhm.
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