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March 20 Birthday Events Poster

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March 20 Historical Events

The following events took place on March 20. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 43 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 235
    Maximinus Thrax is proclaimed emperor. He is the first foreigner to hold the Roman throne.
  • 673
    Emperor Tenmu of Japan assumes the Chrysanthemum Throne at the Palace of Kiyomihara in Asuka.
  • 1206
    Michael IV Autoreianos is appointed Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
  • 1600
    The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden.
  • 1602
    The Dutch East India Company is established.
  • 1616
    Sir Walter Raleigh is freed from the Tower of London after 13 years of imprisonment.
  • 1760
    The Great Boston Fire of 1760, destroys 349 buildings.
  • 1815
    After escaping from Elba, Napoleon enters Paris with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his “Hundred Days” rule.
  • 1848
    Revolutions of 1848 in the German states: King Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicates.
  • 1852
    Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is published.
  • 1854
    The Republican Party of the United States is organized in Ripon, Wisconsin.
  • 1861
    An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, Argentina.
  • 1883
    The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property is signed.
  • 1888
    The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta is staged in Moscow, Russia.
  • 1913
    Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party, is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days later.
  • 1916
    Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
  • 1922
    The USS Langley is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
  • 1923
    The Arts Club of Chicago hosts the opening of Pablo Picasso’s first United States showing, entitled Original Drawings by Pablo Picasso, becoming an early proponent of modern art in the United States.
  • 1933
    Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida’s electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against President-Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1933
    Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the creation of Dachau concentration camp as Chief of Police of Munich and appointed Theodor Eicke as the camp commandant.
  • 1942
    World War II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: “I came out of Bataan and I shall return”.
  • 1948
    With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC.
  • 1951
    Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded.
  • 1952
    The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan.
  • 1956
    Tunisia gains independence from France.
  • 1964
    The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organisation) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.
  • 1972
    The Troubles: The first Provisional IRA car bombing in Belfast kills seven people and injures 148 others in Northern Ireland.
  • 1974
    An unsuccessful attempt is made by a lone perpetrator to kidnap Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, London.
  • 1980
    The Radio Caroline ship, Mi Amigo founders in a gale off the English coast.
  • 1985
    Libby Riddles becomes the first woman to win the 1,135-mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race.

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