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May 1 Birthday Events Poster

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May 1 Historical Events

The following events took place on May 1. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 88 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 305
    Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman emperor.
  • 524
    King Sigismund of Burgundy is executed at Orléans after an 8-year reign and is succeeded by his brother Godomar.
  • 880
    The Nea Ekklesia is inaugurated in Constantinople, setting the model for all later cross-in-square Orthodox churches.
  • 1328
    Wars of Scottish Independence end: By the Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
  • 1455
    Battle of Arkinholm, Royal forces end the Black Douglas hegemony in Scotland.
  • 1576
    Stephen Báthory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become co-rulers of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1707
    The Act of Union joins the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1753
    Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.
  • 1759
    Josiah Wedgwood founds the Wedgwood pottery company in Great Britain.
  • 1776
    Establishment of the Illuminati in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria), by Jesuit-taught Adam Weishaupt.
  • 1778
    American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
  • 1785
    Kamehameha I, the king of Hawaii, defeats Kalanikūpule and establishes the Kingdom of Hawaii.
  • 1786
    In Vienna, Austria, Mozart’s opera The Marriage of Figaro is performed for the first time.
  • 1794
    War of the Pyrenees: The Battle of Boulou ends, in which French forces defeat the Spanish and regain nearly all the land they lost to Spain in 1793.
  • 1840
    The Penny Black, the first official adhesive postage stamp, is issued in the United Kingdom.
  • 1844
    Hong Kong Police Force, the world’s second modern police force and Asia’s first, is established.
  • 1846
    The few remaining Mormons left in Nauvoo, Illinois, formally dedicate the Nauvoo Temple.
  • 1851
    Queen Victoria opens The Great Exhibition in London.
  • 1852
    The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation.
  • 1856
    The Province of Isabela was created in the Philippines in honor of the Queen Isabela II of Spain.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: The Union Army completes its capture of New Orleans.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville begins.
  • 1865
    The Empire of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay sign the Treaty of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1866
    The Memphis Race Riots begin. In three days time, 46 blacks and two whites were killed. Reports of the atrocities influenced passage of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • 1869
    The Folies Bergère opens in Paris.
  • 1875
    Alexandra Palace reopens after being burned down in a fire in 1873.
  • 1884
    Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • 1884
    Moses Fleetwood Walker becomes the first black person to play in a professional baseball game in the United States.
  • 1885
    The original Chicago Board of Trade Building opens for business.
  • 1886
    Rallies are held throughout the United States demanding the eight-hour work day, culminating in the Haymarket affair in Chicago, in commemoration of which May 1 is celebrated as International Workers’ Day in many countries.

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