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May 31 Birthday Events Poster

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May 31 Historical Events

The following events took place on May 31. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 49 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 1279 BC
    Ramesses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
  • 455
    Emperor Petronius Maximus is stoned to death by an angry mob while fleeing Rome.
  • 526
    A devastating earthquake strikes Antioch killing 250,000.
  • 1223
    Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River: Mongol armies of Genghis Khan led by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus’ and Cumans.
  • 1578
    Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich in England to Frobisher Bay in Canada, eventually to mine fool’s gold, used to pave streets in London.
  • 1578
    King Henry III lays the first stone of the Pont Neuf (New Bridge), the oldest bridge of Paris, France.
  • 1669
    Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
  • 1775
    American Revolution: The Mecklenburg Resolves are allegedly adopted in the Province of North Carolina.
  • 1790
    Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
  • 1790
    The United States enacts its first copyright statute, the Copyright Act of 1790.
  • 1795
    French Revolution: The Revolutionary Tribunal is suppressed.
  • 1805
    French and Spanish forces begin the assault against British forces occupying Diamond Rock.
  • 1813
    In Australia, William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland and William Wentworth reach Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
  • 1854
    The civil death procedure is abolished in France.
  • 1859
    The clock tower at the Houses of Parliament, which houses Big Ben, starts keeping time.
  • 1862
    American Civil War Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines or (Battle of Fair Oaks): Confederate forces under Joseph E. Johnston & G.W. Smith engage Union forces under George B. McClellan outside Richmond, Virginia.
  • 1864
    American Civil War Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor: The Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee engages the Army of the Potomac under Ulysses S. Grant and George Meade.
  • 1866
    In the Fenian Invasion of Canada, John O'Neill leads 850 Fenian raiders across the Niagara River at Buffalo, New York/Fort Erie, Ontario, as part of an effort to free Ireland from the United Kingdom. Canadian militia and British regulars repulse the invaders in over the next three days, at a cost of nine dead and 38 wounded to the Fenian’s 19 dead and about 17 wounded.
  • 1879
    Gilmores Garden in New York City, is renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt and is opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.
  • 1884
    The arrival at Plymouth of Tāwhiao, King of Maoris, to claim the protection of Queen Victoria
  • 1889
    Johnstown Flood: Over 2,200 people die after a dam fails and sends a 60-foot (18-meter) wall of water over the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
  • 1902
    Second Boer War: The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the war and ensures British control of South Africa.
  • 1909
    The National Negro Committee, forerunner to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, convenes for the first time.
  • 1910
    The creation of the Union of South Africa.
  • 1911
    The hull of the ocean liner RMS Titanic is launched.
  • 1911
    The President of Mexico Porfirio Díaz flees the country during the Mexican Revolution.
  • 1916
    World War I: Battle of Jutland: The British Grand Fleet under the command of John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe and David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty engage the Imperial German Navy under the command of Reinhard Scheer and Franz von Hipper in the largest naval battle of the war, which proves indecisive.
  • 1921
    Tulsa race riot: civil unrest in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The official death toll is 39, but recent investigations suggest the actual toll may be much higher.
  • 1924
    The Soviet Union signs an agreement with the Beijing government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an “integral part of the Republic of China”, whose “sovereignty” therein the Soviet Union promises to respect.
  • 1927
    The last Ford Model T rolls off the assembly line after a production run of 15,007,003 vehicles.

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