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November 19 Birthday Events Poster

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November 19 Historical Events

The following events took place on November 19. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 45 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 461
    Libius Severus is declared emperor of the Western Roman Empire. The real power is in the hands of the magister militum Ricimer.
  • 636
    The Rashidun Caliphate defeated the Sasanian Empire at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah in Iraq.
  • 1095
    The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins.
  • 1493
    Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).
  • 1794
    The United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign Jay’s Treaty, which attempts to resolve some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1816
    Warsaw University is established.
  • 1847
    The second Canadian railway line, the Montreal and Lachine Railway, is opened.
  • 1863
    American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony for the military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1881
    A meteorite lands near the village of Grossliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • 1885
    Serbo-Bulgarian War: Bulgarian victory in the Battle of Slivnitsa solidifies the unification between the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia.
  • 1911
    The Doom Bar in Cornwall claimed two ships, Island Maid and Angele, the latter killing the entire crew except the captain.
  • 1912
    First Balkan War: The Serbian Army captures Bitola, ending the five-century-long Ottoman rule of Macedonia.
  • 1916
    Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures.
  • 1941
    World War II: Battle between HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran. The two ships sink each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
  • 1942
    World War II: Battle of Stalingrad – Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR’s favor.
  • 1942
    Mutesa II is crowned the 35th and last Kabaka (king) of Buganda, prior to the restoration of the kingdom in 1993.
  • 1943
    Holocaust: Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration camp in Lemberg (Lviv), western Ukraine, murdering at least 6,000 Jews after a failed uprising and mass escape attempt.
  • 1944
    World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling US$14 billion in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • 1944
    World War II: Thirty members of the Luxembourgish resistance defend the town of Vianden against a larger Waffen-SS attack in the Battle of Vianden.
  • 1946
    Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.
  • 1950
    US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes Supreme Commander of NATO-Europe.
  • 1952
    Greek Field Marshal Alexander Papagos becomes the 152nd Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 1954
    Télé Monte Carlo, Europe’s oldest private television channel, is launched by Prince Rainier III.
  • 1955
    National Review publishes its first issue.
  • 1959
    The Ford Motor Company announces the discontinuation of the unpopular Edsel.
  • 1967
    The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong.
  • 1969
    Apollo program: Apollo 12 astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum (the “Ocean of Storms”) and become the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon.
  • 1969
    Association football player Pelé scores his 1,000th goal.
  • 1977
    TAP Portugal Flight 425 crashes in the Madeira Islands, killing 131.
  • 1979
    Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran.

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