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October 19 Birthday Events Poster

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October 19 Historical Events

The following events took place on October 19. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 53 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 202 BC
    Second Punic War: At the Battle of Zama, Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, leader of the army defending Carthage.
  • 439
    The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
  • 1216
    King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
  • 1386
    The Universität Heidelberg held its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.
  • 1466
    The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.
  • 1469
    Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
  • 1512
    Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).
  • 1649
    New Ross town, County Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
  • 1781
    At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis handed over Cornwallis’ sword and formally surrendered to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau.
  • 1789
    Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1805
    Napoleonic Wars: Austrian General Mack surrenders his army to the Grande Armée of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Ulm. Thirty thousand prisoners are captured and 10,000 casualties inflicted on the losers.
  • 1812
    Napoleon Bonaparte retreats from Moscow.
  • 1813
    The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.
  • 1822
    In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
  • 1864
    Battle of Cedar Creek: Union Army under Philip Sheridan destroys a Confederate Army under Jubal Early.
  • 1864
    St. Albans Raid: Confederate raiders launch an attack on Saint Albans, Vermont from Canada.
  • 1866
    Venice, Annexion of Veneto and Mantua to Italy, at Hotel Europa, Austria hands over Veneto to France, which hands it immediately over to Italy.
  • 1900
    Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black-body radiation (Planck’s law).
  • 1904
    Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
  • 1912
    Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914
    The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • 1917
    The Love Field in Dallas is opened.
  • 1921
    Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
  • 1922
    British Conservative MPs meeting at the Carlton Club vote to break off the Coalition Government with David Lloyd George of the Liberal Party.
  • 1933
    Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
  • 1935
    The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • 1943
    The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Souda Bay, Crete, and sunk. Two thousand ninety-eight Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
  • 1943
    Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
  • 1944
    United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • 1950
    The People’s Liberation Army takes control of the town of Chamdo; this is sometimes called the “Invasion of Tibet”.

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