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October 23 Birthday Events Poster

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October 23 Historical Events

The following events took place on October 23. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 54 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 42 BC
    Liberators’ civil war: Second Battle of Philippi – Mark Antony and Octavian decisively defeat Brutus’s army. Brutus commits suicide.
  • 425
    Valentinian III is elevated as Roman emperor at the age of six.
  • 501
    The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theoderic the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius.
  • 1086
    At the Battle of Sagrajas, the army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI.
  • 1157
    The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
  • 1295
    The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.
  • 1641
    Irish Catholic gentry from Ulster tried to seize control of Dublin Castle, the seat of English rule in Ireland, to force concessions to Catholics.
  • 1642
    Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
  • 1694
    British/American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phips, fail to seize Quebec from the French.
  • 1707
    The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.
  • 1739
    War of Jenkins’ Ear starts: British Prime Minister Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
  • 1812
    Claude François de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he is now the commandant of Paris.
  • 1850
    The first National Women’s Rights Convention begins in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States.
  • 1861
    U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related cases.
  • 1864
    American Civil War: Battle of Westport: Union forces under General Samuel R. Curtis defeat Confederate troops led by General Sterling Price at Westport, near Kansas City.
  • 1867
    Seventy-two Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
  • 1870
    Franco-Prussian War: The Siege of Metz concludes with a decisive Prussian victory.
  • 1906
    Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
  • 1911
    First use of aircraft in war: Italo-Turkish War: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines.
  • 1912
    First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
  • 1915
    Women’s suffrage: In New York City, 25,000–33,000 women march on Fifth Avenue to advocate their right to vote.
  • 1917
    Lenin calls for the October Revolution.
  • 1929
    Great Depression: After a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic.
  • 1935
    Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard “Lulu” Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.
  • 1939
    The Japanese Mitsubishi G4M twin-engine “Betty” Bomber makes its maiden flight.
  • 1941
    World War II: Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov takes command of Red Army operations to prevent the further advance into Russia of German forces and to prevent the Wehrmacht from capturing Moscow.
  • 1942
    World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein: At El Alamein in northern Egypt, the British Eighth Army under Field Marshal Montgomery begins a critical offensive to expel the Axis armies from Egypt.
  • 1942
    All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger (“Thanks for the Memory”, “Love in Bloom”, “Blue Hawaii”).
  • 1942
    World War II: The Battle for Henderson Field begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on October 26.
  • 1944
    World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf: The largest naval battle in history begins in the Philippines.

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