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September 14 Birthday Events Poster

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September 14 Historical Events

The following events took place on September 14. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 49 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 81
    Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus.
  • 326
    Helena of Constantinople discovers the True Cross and the Holy Sepulchre (Jesus’s tomb) in Jerusalem.
  • 629
    Emperor Heraclius enters Constantinople in triumph after his victory over the Persian Empire.
  • 786
    “Night of the three Caliphs”: Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi. Birth of Harun’s son al-Ma'mun.
  • 1180
    Battle of Ishibashiyama in Japan.
  • 1607
    Flight of the Earls from Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland.
  • 1682
    Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, is founded.
  • 1741
    George Frideric Handel completes his oratorio Messiah
  • 1752
    The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (the previous day was September 2).
  • 1763
    Seneca warriors defeat British forces at the Battle of Devil’s Hole during Pontiac’s War.
  • 1791
    The Papal States lose Avignon to the French Empire.
  • 1808
    Finnish War: Russians defeat the Swedes in the bloody Battle of Oravais.
  • 1812
    Napoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée enters Moscow. The Fire of Moscow begins as soon as Russian troops leave the city.
  • 1814
    The poem Defence of Fort McHenry is written by Francis Scott Key. The poem is later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner.
  • 1829
    The Ottoman Empire signs the Treaty of Adrianople with Russia, thus ending the Russo-Turkish War.
  • 1846
    Jang Bahadur and his brothers massacre about 40 members of the Nepalese palace court.
  • 1847
    Mexican–American War: Winfield Scott captures Mexico City.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: The Battle of South Mountain, part of the Maryland Campaign, is fought.
  • 1901
    U.S. President William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt.
  • 1914
    HMAS AE1, the Royal Australian Navy’s first submarine, was lost at sea with all hands near East New Britain, Papua New Guinea.
  • 1917
    Russia is officially proclaimed a republic.
  • 1939
    World War II: The Estonian military boards the Polish submarine ORP Orzeł in Tallinn, sparking a diplomatic incident that the Soviet Union will later use to justify the annexation of Estonia.
  • 1940
    Ip massacre: The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians, kill 158 Romanian civilians in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania, an act of ethnic cleansing.
  • 1943
    World War II: The Wehrmacht starts a three-day retaliatory operation targeting several Greek villages in the region of Viannos, whose death toll would eventually exceed 500 persons.
  • 1944
    World War II: Maastricht becomes the first Dutch city to be liberated by allied forces.
  • 1954
    In a top secret nuclear test, a Soviet Tu-4 bomber drops a 40 kiloton atomic weapon just north of Totskoye village.
  • 1958
    The first two German post-war rockets, designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1959
    The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.
  • 1960
    The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
  • 1960
    Congo Crisis: With CIA help, Mobutu Sese Seko seizes power in a military coup, suspending parliament and the constitution.

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