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September 2 Birthday Events Poster

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September 2 Historical Events

The following events took place on September 2. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 42 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 47 BC
    Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
  • 44 BC
    Cicero launches the first of his Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the following months.
  • 31 BC
    Final War of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium: Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
  • 421
    Galla Placidia, wife of the Emperor Constantius III, becomes a widow for the second time when her husband dies suddenly of an illness.
  • 1192
    The Treaty of Jaffa is signed between Richard I of England and Saladin, leading to the end of the Third Crusade.
  • 1649
    The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • 1666
    The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings including St Paul’s Cathedral.
  • 1752
    Great Britain adopts the Gregorian calendar, nearly two centuries later than most of Western Europe.
  • 1789
    The United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
  • 1792
    During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic Church bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
  • 1806
    A massive landslide destroys the town of Goldau, Switzerland, killing 457.
  • 1807
    The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
  • 1811
    The University of Oslo is founded as The Royal Fredericks University, after Frederick VI of Denmark and Norway.
  • 1833
    Oberlin College is founded by John Jay Shipherd and Philo P. Stewart in Oberlin, Ohio.
  • 1856
    The Tianjing incident takes place in Nanjing, China.
  • 1859
    A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: United States President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope’s disastrous defeat at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
  • 1864
    American Civil War: Union forces enter Atlanta, a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city, ending the Atlanta Campaign.
  • 1867
    Mutsuhito, Emperor Meiji of Japan, marries Masako Ichijō. The Empress consort is thereafter known as Lady Haruko. Since her death in 1914, she is called by the posthumous name Empress Shōken.
  • 1870
    Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan: Prussian forces take Napoleon III of France and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.
  • 1885
    Rock Springs massacre: In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who are struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers killing 28, wounding 15 and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • 1898
    Battle of Omdurman: British and Egyptian troops defeat Sudanese tribesmen and establish British dominance in Sudan.
  • 1901
    Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, “Speak softly and carry a big stick” at the Minnesota State Fair.
  • 1912
    Arthur Rose Eldred is awarded the first Eagle Scout award of the Boy Scouts of America.
  • 1935
    The 1935 Labor Day hurricane hits the Florida Keys, killing 423.
  • 1939
    World War II: Following the start of the invasion of Poland the previous day, the Free City of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed by Nazi Germany.
  • 1945
    World War II: Combat ends in the Pacific Theater: The Japanese Instrument of Surrender is signed by Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and accepted aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
  • 1945
    Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
  • 1946
    The Interim Government of India is formed, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru as Vice President with the powers of a Prime Minister.
  • 1957
    President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam becomes the first foreign head of state to make a state visit to Australia.

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