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April 1 Birthday Events Poster

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April 1 Historical Events

The following events took place on April 1. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 78 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 286
    Emperor Diocletian elevates his general Maximian to co-emperor with the rank of Augustus and gives him control over the Western regions of the Roman Empire.
  • 325
    Crown Prince Jin Chengdi, age 4, succeeds his father Jin Mingdi as emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
  • 457
    Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army.
  • 527
    Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne.
  • 528
    The daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei was made the “Emperor” as a male heir of the late emperor by Empress Dowager Hu, deposed and replaced by Yuan Zhao the next day; she was the first female monarch in the History of China, but not widely recognised.
  • 1293
    Robert Winchelsey leaves England for Rome, to be consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 1318
    Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from England.
  • 1340
    Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
  • 1545
    Potosí is founded after the discovery of major silver deposits in the area.
  • 1572
    In the Eighty Years’ War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
  • 1625
    A combined Spanish and Portuguese fleet of 52 ships commences the recapture of Bahia from the Dutch during the Dutch–Portuguese War.
  • 1789
    In New York City, the United States House of Representatives holds its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first Speaker.
  • 1826
    Samuel Morey received a patent for a compressionless “Gas or Vapor Engine.”
  • 1833
    The Convention of 1833, a political gathering of settlers in Mexican Texas to help draft a series of petitions to the Mexican government, begins in San Felipe de Austin
  • 1854
    Charles Dickens’ novel Hard Times begins serialisation in his magazine Household Words.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: Battle of Five Forks. Union Army led by Philip Sheridan decisively defeated Confederate States Army led by George Pickett, leading to Breakthrough at Petersburg and Appomattox Campaign.
  • 1867
    Singapore becomes a British crown colony.
  • 1871
    The first stage of the Brill Tramway opens.
  • 1873
    The White Star steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547 in the worst marine disaster of the 19th century.
  • 1887
    Mumbai Fire Brigade is established.
  • 1889
    The University of Northern Colorado was established, as the Colorado State Normal School.
  • 1891
    The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1893
    The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established.
  • 1908
    The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in 1920) is formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army.
  • 1918
    The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
  • 1919
    The Staatliches Bauhaus school is founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar.
  • 1922
    Six Irish Catholic civilians are shot and beaten to death by a gang of policemen in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
  • 1924
    Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the “Beer Hall Putsch”. However, he spends only nine months in jail, during which he writes Mein Kampf.
  • 1924
    The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
  • 1933
    The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in a series of anti-Semitic acts.

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