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April 13 Birthday Events Poster

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April 13 Historical Events

The following events took place on April 13. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 41 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 1111
    Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1204
    Constantinople falls to the Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade, temporarily ending the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1598
    Henry IV of France issues the Edict of Nantes, allowing freedom of religion to the Huguenots.
  • 1612
    Miyamoto Musashi defeats Sasaki Kojirō at Funajima island.
  • 1613
    Samuel Argall captures Native American princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia to ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father. She is brought to Henricus as hostage.
  • 1699
    Guru Gobind Singh, the Tenth Sikh Guru, Created Khalsa on this day at Anandpur Sahib, Punjab.
  • 1742
    George Frideric Handel’s oratorio Messiah makes its world-premiere in Dublin, Ireland.
  • 1777
    American Revolutionary War: American forces are ambushed and defeated in the Battle of Bound Brook, New Jersey.
  • 1829
    The Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829 gives Roman Catholics in the United Kingdom the right to vote and to sit in Parliament.
  • 1849
    Hungary becomes a republic.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederate forces.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: Raleigh, North Carolina is occupied by Union Forces.
  • 1870
    The New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art is founded.
  • 1873
    The Colfax massacre, in which more than 60 African Americans are murdered, takes place.
  • 1902
    James C. Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
  • 1909
    The Turkish military reverses the Ottoman countercoup of 1909 to force the overthrow of Sultan Abdul Hamid II.
  • 1919
    The establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
  • 1919
    Jallianwala Bagh massacre: British troops gun down at least 379 unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, India; at least 1200 are wounded.
  • 1919
    Eugene V. Debs is imprisoned at the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, for speaking out against the draft during World War I.
  • 1941
    A Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1943
    World War II: The discovery of mass graves of Polish prisoners of war killed by Soviet forces in the Katyń Forest Massacre is announced, causing a diplomatic rift between the Polish government-in-exile in London from the Soviet Union, which denies responsibility.
  • 1943
    The Jefferson Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C., on the 200th anniversary of President Thomas Jefferson’s birth.
  • 1944
    Diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established.
  • 1945
    World War II: German troops kill more than 1,000 political and military prisoners in Gardelegen, Germany.
  • 1945
    World War II: Soviet and Bulgarian forces capture Vienna, Austria.
  • 1948
    The Hadassah medical convoy massacre: In an ambush, 79 Jewish doctors, nurses and medical students from Hadassah Hospital and a British soldier are massacred by Arabs in Sheikh Jarra near Jerusalem.
  • 1953
    CIA director Allen Dulles launches the mind-control program Project MKUltra.
  • 1958
    Cold War: American Van Cliburn wins the inaugural International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow.
  • 1960
    The United States launches Transit 1-B, the world’s first satellite navigation system.
  • 1964
    At the Academy Awards, Sidney Poitier becomes the first African-American male to win the Best Actor award for the 1963 film Lilies of the Field.

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