The following events took place on August 31. The list is arranged in chronological order.
Found 51 events. Showing 1 - 30.
- 1056After a sudden illness a few days previously, Byzantine Empress Theodora dies childless, thus ending the Macedonian dynasty.
- 1218Al-Kamil becomes Sultan of Egypt, Syria and northern Mesopotamia on the death of his father Al-Adil I.
- 1314King Håkon V Magnusson moves the capital of Norway from Bergen to Oslo.
- 1422King Henry V of England dies of dysentery while in France. His son, Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
- 1795War of the First Coalition: The British capture Trincomalee (present-day Sri Lanka) from the Dutch in order to keep it out of French hands.
- 1798Irish Rebellion of 1798: Irish rebels, with French assistance, establish the short-lived Republic of Connacht.
- 1803Lewis and Clark start their expedition to the west by leaving Pittsburgh at 11 in the morning.
- 1813At the final stage of the Peninsular War, British-Portuguese troops capture the town of Donostia (now San Sebastián), resulting in a rampage and eventual destruction of the town. Elsewhere, Spanish troops repel a French attack in the Battle of San Marcial.
- 1864During the American Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta.
- 1876Ottoman Sultan Murad V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid II.
- 1886An earthquake kills 100 in Charleston, South Carolina.
- 1888Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper’s confirmed victims.
- 1895German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his Navigable Balloon.
- 1897Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.
- 1907Count Alexander Izvolsky and Sir Arthur Nicolson sign the St. Petersburg Convention, which results in the Triple Entente alliance.
- 1913Police attack a union rally during the Dublin Lock-out, killing two people and injuring hundreds.
- 1918World War I: Start of the Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin, a successful assault by the Australian Corps during the Hundred Days Offensive.
- 1920Polish–Soviet War: A decisive Polish victory in the Battle of Komarów.
- 1920The first radio news program is broadcast by 8MK in Detroit.
- 1935In an attempt to stay out of the growing turmoil in Europe, the United States passes the first of its Neutrality Acts.
- 1936Radio Prague, now the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic, goes on the air.
- 1939Nazi Germany mounts a staged attack on the Gleiwitz radio station, creating an excuse to attack Poland the following day thus starting World War II in Europe.
- 1940Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19 crashes near Lovettsville, Virginia. The CAB investigation of the accident is the first investigation to be conducted under the Bureau of Air Commerce act of 1938.
- 1941World War II: Serbian paramilitary forces defeat Germans in the Battle of Loznica.
- 1943USS Harmon, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named after a black person, is commissioned.
- 1945The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.
- 1949The retreat of the Democratic Army of Greece in Albania after its defeat on Gramos mountain marks the end of the Greek Civil War.
- 1957The Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1958A parcel bomb sent by Ngô Đình Nhu, younger brother and chief adviser of South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm, fails to kill King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
- 1962Trinidad and Tobago becomes independent.
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