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August 31 Birthday Events Poster

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August 31 Historical Events

The following events took place on August 31. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 51 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 1056
    After a sudden illness a few days previously, Byzantine Empress Theodora dies childless, thus ending the Macedonian dynasty.
  • 1218
    Al-Kamil becomes Sultan of Egypt, Syria and northern Mesopotamia on the death of his father Al-Adil I.
  • 1314
    King Håkon V Magnusson moves the capital of Norway from Bergen to Oslo.
  • 1422
    King Henry V of England dies of dysentery while in France. His son, Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
  • 1795
    War of the First Coalition: The British capture Trincomalee (present-day Sri Lanka) from the Dutch in order to keep it out of French hands.
  • 1798
    Irish Rebellion of 1798: Irish rebels, with French assistance, establish the short-lived Republic of Connacht.
  • 1803
    Lewis and Clark start their expedition to the west by leaving Pittsburgh at 11 in the morning.
  • 1813
    At the final stage of the Peninsular War, British-Portuguese troops capture the town of Donostia (now San Sebastián), resulting in a rampage and eventual destruction of the town. Elsewhere, Spanish troops repel a French attack in the Battle of San Marcial.
  • 1864
    During the American Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta.
  • 1876
    Ottoman Sultan Murad V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abdul Hamid II.
  • 1886
    An earthquake kills 100 in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • 1888
    Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper’s confirmed victims.
  • 1895
    German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his Navigable Balloon.
  • 1897
    Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.
  • 1907
    Count Alexander Izvolsky and Sir Arthur Nicolson sign the St. Petersburg Convention, which results in the Triple Entente alliance.
  • 1913
    Police attack a union rally during the Dublin Lock-out, killing two people and injuring hundreds.
  • 1918
    World War I: Start of the Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin, a successful assault by the Australian Corps during the Hundred Days Offensive.
  • 1920
    Polish–Soviet War: A decisive Polish victory in the Battle of Komarów.
  • 1920
    The first radio news program is broadcast by 8MK in Detroit.
  • 1935
    In an attempt to stay out of the growing turmoil in Europe, the United States passes the first of its Neutrality Acts.
  • 1936
    Radio Prague, now the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic, goes on the air.
  • 1939
    Nazi Germany mounts a staged attack on the Gleiwitz radio station, creating an excuse to attack Poland the following day thus starting World War II in Europe.
  • 1940
    Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19 crashes near Lovettsville, Virginia. The CAB investigation of the accident is the first investigation to be conducted under the Bureau of Air Commerce act of 1938.
  • 1941
    World War II: Serbian paramilitary forces defeat Germans in the Battle of Loznica.
  • 1943
    USS Harmon, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named after a black person, is commissioned.
  • 1945
    The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.
  • 1949
    The retreat of the Democratic Army of Greece in Albania after its defeat on Gramos mountain marks the end of the Greek Civil War.
  • 1957
    The Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1958
    A parcel bomb sent by Ngô Đình Nhu, younger brother and chief adviser of South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm, fails to kill King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
  • 1962
    Trinidad and Tobago becomes independent.

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