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December 1 Birthday Events Poster

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December 1 Historical Events

The following events took place on December 1. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 55 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 800
    Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.
  • 1420
    Henry V of England enters Paris.
  • 1577
    Francis Walsingham is knighted.
  • 1640
    End of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King João IV of Portugal, ending 60 years of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the Philippine Dynasty.
  • 1768
    The former slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway.
  • 1822
    Peter I is crowned Emperor of Brazil.
  • 1824
    United States presidential election, 1824: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
  • 1826
    French philhellene Charles Nicolas Fabvier forces his way through the Turkish cordon and ascends the Acropolis of Athens, which had been under siege.
  • 1828
    Argentine general Juan Lavalle makes a coup against governor Manuel Dorrego, beginning the Decembrist revolution.
  • 1834
    Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony in accordance with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.
  • 1862
    In his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • 1864
    Great Fire of Brisbane
  • 1865
    Shaw University, the first historically black university in the southern United States, is founded in Raleigh, North Carolina.
  • 1885
    First serving of the soft drink Dr Pepper at a drug store in Waco, Texas.
  • 1913
    The Buenos Aires Metro, the first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and in Latin America, begins operation.
  • 1913
    The Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.
  • 1913
    Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the First Balkan War, is annexed by Greece.
  • 1918
    Transylvania unites with the Kingdom of Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28), thus concluding the Great Union.
  • 1918
    The Kingdom of Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom.
  • 1918
    The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.
  • 1919
    Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. (She had been elected to that position on November 28.)
  • 1919
    The first issue of Diário de Noite is published from Goa.
  • 1934
    In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergey Kirov is shot dead by Leonid Nikolaev at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad.
  • 1941
    World War II: Emperor Hirohito of Japan gives the final approval to initiate war against the United States.
  • 1941
    World War II: Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.
  • 1948
    Taman Shud Case: The body of an unidentified man is found in Adelaide, Australia, involving an undetectable poison and a secret code in a very rare book; the case remains unsolved and is “one of Australia’s most profound mysteries.”
  • 1952
    The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgensen, the first notable case of sexual reassignment surgery.
  • 1955
    American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city’s racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1958
    The Central African Republic attains self-rule within the French Union.
  • 1958
    The Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago kills 92 children and three nuns.

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