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December 12 Birthday Events Poster

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December 12 Historical Events

The following events took place on December 12. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 48 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 627
    Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II’s Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.
  • 1098
    First Crusade: Siege of Ma'arrat al-Numan – Crusaders breach the town’s walls and massacre about 20,000 inhabitants. After finding themselves with insufficient food, they reportedly resort to cannibalism.
  • 1388
    Mary of Enghien sells the lordship of Argos and Nauplia to the Republic of Venice.
  • 1408
    The Order of the Dragon a monarchical chivalric order is created by Sigismund of Luxembourg, then King of Hungary.
  • 1781
    American Revolutionary War: Second Battle of Ushant – A British fleet led by HMS Victory defeats a French fleet.
  • 1787
    Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, five days after Delaware became the first.
  • 1862
    American Civil War: USS Cairo sinks on the Yazoo River, becoming the first armored ship to be sunk by an electrically detonated mine.
  • 1870
    Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the second black U.S. congressman, the first being Hiram Revels.
  • 1897
    Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, is founded.
  • 1901
    Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal (the letter “S” [***] in Morse Code), at Signal Hill in St John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1911
    Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • 1911
    King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck are enthroned as Emperor and Empress of India.
  • 1915
    President of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai, announces his intention to reinstate the monarchy and proclaim himself Emperor of China.
  • 1917
    In Nebraska, Father Edward J. Flanagan founds Boys Town as a farm village for wayward boys.
  • 1918
    The Flag of Estonia is raised atop the Pikk Hermann for the first time.
  • 1925
    The Majlis of Iran votes to crown Reza Khan as the new Shah of Iran, starting the Pahlavi dynasty.
  • 1935
    Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.
  • 1936
    Xi'an Incident: The Generalissimo of the Republic of China, Chiang Kai-shek, is kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang.
  • 1937
    Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident – Japanese aircraft bomb and sink U.S. gunboat USS Panay on the Yangtze river in China.
  • 1939
    Winter War: Battle of Tolvajärvi – Finnish forces defeat those of the Soviet Union in their first major victory of the conflict.
  • 1939
    HMS Duchess sinks after a collision with HMS Barham off the coast of Scotland with the loss of 124 men.
  • 1940
    World War II: Approximately 70 people are killed in the Marples Hotel, Fitzalan Square, Sheffield, as a result of a German air raid.
  • 1941
    World War II: Fifty-four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field, Philippines. Jesús Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off; César Basa is killed.
  • 1941
    World War II: USMC F4F “Wildcats” sink the first 4 major Japanese ships off Wake Island.
  • 1941
    World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Bulgaria. Hungary and Romania declare war on the United States. India declares war on Japan.
  • 1941
    Adolf Hitler declares the imminent extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery
  • 1942
    World War II: German troops begin Operation Winter Storm, an attempt to relieve encircled Axis forces during the Battle of Stalingrad.
  • 1942
    A fire in a hostel in St. John’s, Newfoundland, kills 100 people.
  • 1946
    A fire at a New York City ice plant spreads to a nearby tenement, killing 37 people.
  • 1948
    Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre – 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaya allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.

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