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December 18 Birthday Events Poster

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December 18 Historical Events

The following events took place on December 18. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 40 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 218 BC
    Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia – Hannibal’s Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Roman Republic.
  • 1271
    Kublai Khan renames his empire “Yuan” (ࠠ3; yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan dynasty of Mongolia and China.
  • 1622
    Portuguese forces score a military victory over the Kingdom of Kongo at the Battle of Mbumbi in present-day Angola.
  • 1655
    The Whitehall Conference ends with the determination that there was no law preventing Jews from re-entering England after the Edict of Expulsion of 1290.
  • 1688
    The inhabitants of Derry shut the city gates against the Irish Army of James II.
  • 1777
    The United States celebrates its first Thanksgiving, marking the recent victory by the Americans over British General John Burgoyne in the Battle of Saratoga in October.
  • 1787
    New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
  • 1793
    Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French Royalists to Lord Samuel Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck.
  • 1865
    US Secretary of State William Seward proclaims the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment, prohibiting slavery throughout the United States.
  • 1867
    The Angola Horror train wreck occurred.
  • 1878
    John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires is executed in Pennsylvania.
  • 1878
    The Al-Thani family become the rulers of the state of Qatar
  • 1888
    Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Indian ruins of Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde.
  • 1892
    Premiere performance of The Nutcracker by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1898
    Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat sets the first officially recognized land speed record of 39.245 mi/h in a Jeantaud electric car
  • 1900
    The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook, Victoria Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.
  • 1912
    The Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is announced by Charles Dawson.
  • 1916
    World War I: The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under Chief of staff Erich von Falkenhayn are defeated by the French, and suffer 337,000 casualties.
  • 1917
    The resolution containing the language of the Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition is passed by the United States Congress.
  • 1932
    The Chicago Bears defeat the Portsmouth Spartans in the first NFL Championship Game.
  • 1935
    The Lanka Sama Samaja Party is founded in Ceylon.
  • 1939
    World War II: The Battle of the Heligoland Bight, the first major air battle of the war, takes place.
  • 1944
    World War II: Seventy-seven B-29 Superfortress and 200 other aircraft of U.S. Fourteenth Air Force bomb Hankow, China, a Japanese supply base.
  • 1956
    Japan joins the United Nations.
  • 1958
    Project SCORE, the world’s first communications satellite, is launched.
  • 1966
    Saturn’s moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker.
  • 1969
    Capital punishment in the United Kingdom: Home Secretary James Callaghan’s motion to make permanent the Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965, which had temporarily suspended capital punishment in England, Wales and Scotland for murder (but not for all crimes) for a period of five years.
  • 1971
    Capitol Reef National Park is established in Utah.
  • 1972
    Vietnam War: President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will engage North Vietnam in Operation Linebacker II, a series of Christmas bombings, after peace talks collapsed with North Vietnam on the 13th.
  • 1973
    Soviet Soyuz Programme: Soyuz 13, crewed by cosmonauts Valentin Lebedev and Pyotr Klimuk, is launched from Baikonur in the Soviet Union.

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