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February 23 Historical Events

The following events took place on February 23. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 58 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 303
    Roman emperor Diocletian orders the destruction of the Christian church in Nicomedia, beginning eight years of Diocletianic Persecution.
  • 532
    Byzantine emperor Justinian I orders the building of a new Orthodox Christian basilica in Constantinople – the Hagia Sophia.
  • 1455
    Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed with movable type.
  • 1554
    Mapuche forces, under the leadership of Lautaro, score a victory over the Spanish at the Battle of Marihueñu in Chile.
  • 1739
    Richard Palmer is identified at York Castle, by his former schoolteacher, as the outlaw Dick Turpin.
  • 1778
    American Revolutionary War: Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
  • 1820
    Cato Street Conspiracy: A plot to murder all the British cabinet ministers is exposed.
  • 1821
    Alexander Ypsilantis starts the Greek War of Independence in Iași, Wallachia (now part of Romania).
  • 1836
    Texas Revolution: The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
  • 1847
    Mexican–American War: Battle of Buena Vista – In Mexico, American troops under future president General Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
  • 1854
    The official independence of the Orange Free State is declared.
  • 1861
    President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after the thwarting of an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 1870
    Reconstruction Era: Post-U.S. Civil War military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union.
  • 1883
    Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an anti-trust law.
  • 1885
    Sino-French War: French Army gains an important victory in the Battle of Đồng Đăng in the Tonkin region of Vietnam.
  • 1886
    Charles Martin Hall produced the first samples of man-made aluminum, after several years of intensive work. He was assisted in this project by his older sister Julia Brainerd Hall.
  • 1887
    The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.
  • 1896
    The Tootsie Roll is invented.
  • 1898
    Émile Zola is imprisoned in France after writing “J'accuse”, a letter accusing the French government of antisemitism and wrongfully imprisoning Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
  • 1900
    Second Boer War: Boers and British troops fight in the Battle of Hart’s Hill.
  • 1903
    Cuba leases Guantánamo Bay to the United States “in perpetuity”.
  • 1905
    Chicago attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world’s first service club.
  • 1909
    The AEA Silver Dart makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.
  • 1917
    First demonstrations in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution.
  • 1918
    Last monarch of Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz commits suicide.
  • 1927
    U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill by Congress establishing the Federal Radio Commission (later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission) which was to regulate the use of radio frequencies in the United States.
  • 1927
    German theoretical physicist Werner Heisenberg writes a letter to fellow physicist Wolfgang Pauli, in which he describes his uncertainty principle for the first time.
  • 1934
    Leopold III becomes King of Belgium.
  • 1941
    Plutonium is first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
  • 1942
    World War II: Japanese submarines fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara.

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