The following events took place on January 2. The list is arranged in chronological order.
Found 39 events. Showing 1 - 30.
- 366The Alemanni cross the frozen Rhine in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
- 533Mercurius becomes Pope John II, the first pope to adopt a new name upon elevation to the papacy.
- 1492Reconquista: the Emirate of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrenders.
- 1777American Revolutionary War: American forces under the command of George Washington repulsed a British attack at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek near Trenton, New Jersey.
- 1788Georgia becomes the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
- 1791Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
- 1818The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
- 1833Reassertion of British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
- 1860The discovery of the planet Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences in Paris, France.
- 1865Uruguayan War: The Siege of Paysandú ends as Brazilian and Coloradans capture Paysandú, Uruguay.
- 1871Amadeus I becomes King of Spain.
- 1900American statesman and diplomat John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
- 1905Russo-Japanese War: The Russian garrison surrenders at Port Arthur, China.
- 1911A gun battle in the East End of London left two dead and sparked a political row over the involvement of then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill.
- 1920The second Palmer Raid takes place with another 6,000 suspected communists and anarchists arrested and held without trial. These raids take place in several U.S. cities.
- 1927Angered by the anti-clerical provisions of the Mexican Constitution of 1917, Catholic rebels in Mexico rebelled against the government.
- 1935Bruno Hauptmann goes on trial for the murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., infant son of aviator Charles Lindbergh.
- 1941World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.
- 1942The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) convicts 33 members of a German spy ring headed by Fritz Joubert Duquesne in the largest espionage case in United States history—the Duquesne Spy Ring.
- 1942World War II: Manila, Philippines is captured by Japanese forces.
- 1945World War II: Nuremberg, Germany (in German, Nürnberg) is severely bombed by Allied forces.
- 1949Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
- 1955Panamanian president José Antonio Remón Cantera is assassinated.
- 1959Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, is launched by the Soviet Union.
- 1963Vietnam War: The Viet Cong wins its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.
- 1967Ronald Reagan sworn in as Governor of California
- 1971The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a Rangers-Celtic association football (soccer) match.
- 1974United States President Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo.
- 1975A bomb blast at Samastipur, Bihar, India, fatally wounds Minister of Railways Lalit Narayan Mishra.
- 1975Bangladeshi Marxist leader Siraj Sikder is arrested and dies while in police custody.
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