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January 31 Birthday Events Poster

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January 31 Historical Events

The following events took place on January 31. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 56 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 314
    Pope Sylvester I succeeds Pope Miltiades.
  • 1504
    France cedes Naples to Aragon.
  • 1578
    The Battle of Gembloux takes place.
  • 1606
    Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is executed for plotting against Parliament and King James.
  • 1747
    The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
  • 1801
    John Marshall is appointed the Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1814
    Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (present-day Argentina).
  • 1846
    After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unify as the City of Milwaukee.
  • 1848
    John C. Frémont is court-martialed for mutiny and disobeying orders.
  • 1849
    Corn Laws are abolished in the United Kingdom pursuant to legislation in 1846.
  • 1862
    Alvan Graham Clark discovers the white dwarf star Sirius B, a companion of Sirius, through an 18.5 in telescope now located at Northwestern University.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: The United States Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery and submits it to the states for ratification.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
  • 1867
    Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Bey Karam leaves Lebanon on board a French ship bound for Algeria.
  • 1891
    History of Portugal: The first attempt at a Portuguese republican revolution breaks out in the northern city of Porto.
  • 1897
    Czechoslav Trade Union Association is founded in Prague.
  • 1900
    Datu Muhammad Salleh is assassinated in Kampung Teboh, Tambunan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion.
  • 1915
    World War I: Germany is the first to make large-scale use of poison gas in warfare in the Battle of Bolimów against Russia.
  • 1917
    World War I: Germany announces that its U-boats will resume unrestricted submarine warfare after a two-year hiatus.
  • 1918
    A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 1919
    The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1929
    The Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky.
  • 1930
    3M begins marketing Scotch Tape.
  • 1942
    World War II: Allied forces are defeated by the Japanese at the Battle of Malaya and retreat to the island of Singapore.
  • 1943
    World War II: German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to the Soviets at Stalingrad, followed 2 days later by the remainder of his Sixth Army, ending one of the war’s fiercest battles.
  • 1944
    World War II: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
  • 1944
    World War II: During the Anzio campaign the 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby’s Rangers) is destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna, Italy.
  • 1945
    US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed for desertion, the first such execution of an American soldier since the Civil War.
  • 1945
    World War II: About 3,000 inmates from the Stutthof concentration camp are forcibly marched into the Baltic Sea at Palmnicken (now Yantarny, Russia) and executed.
  • 1945
    World War II: The end of fighting in the Battle of Hill 170 during the Burma Campaign, in which the British 3 Commando Brigade repulsed a Japanese counterattack on their positions and precipitated a general retirement from the Arakan Peninsula.

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