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July 31 Birthday Events Poster

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July 31 Historical Events

The following events took place on July 31. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 52 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 30 BC
    Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian’s forces, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to his suicide.
  • 781
    The oldest recorded eruption of Mount Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
  • 1009
    Pope Sergius IV becomes the 142nd pope, succeeding Pope John XVIII.
  • 1201
    Attempted usurpation by John Komnenos the Fat for the throne of Alexios III Angelos.
  • 1423
    Hundred Years’ War: Battle of Cravant: The French army is defeated by the English at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
  • 1451
    Jacques Cœur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France.
  • 1492
    The Jews are expelled from Spain when the Alhambra Decree takes effect.
  • 1498
    On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad.
  • 1588
    The Spanish Armada is spotted off the coast of England.
  • 1655
    Russo-Polish War (1654–67): The Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1658
    Aurangzeb is proclaimed Moghul emperor of India.
  • 1667
    Second Anglo-Dutch War: Treaty of Breda ends the conflict.
  • 1703
    Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.
  • 1712
    Action of 31 July 1712 (Great Northern War): Danish and Swedish ships clash in the Baltic Sea; the result is inconclusive.
  • 1715
    Seven days after a Spanish treasure fleet of 12 ships left Havana, Cuba for Spain, 11 of them sink in a storm off the coast of Florida. A few centuries later, treasure is salvaged from these wrecks.
  • 1741
    Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
  • 1763
    Odawa Chief Pontiac’s forces defeat British troops at the Battle of Bloody Run during Pontiac’s War.
  • 1777
    The U.S. Second Continental Congress passes a resolution that the services of Gilbert du Motier “be accepted, and that, in consideration of his zeal, illustrious family and connexions, he have the rank and commission of major-general of the United States.”
  • 1790
    The first U.S. patent is issued, to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.
  • 1856
    Christchurch, New Zealand is chartered as a city.
  • 1865
    The first narrow-gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Queensland, Australia.
  • 1874
    Dr. Patrick Francis Healy became the first Black man to be inaugurated as president of a predominantly White American university.
  • 1904
    Russo-Japanese War: Battle of Hsimucheng: Units of the Imperial Japanese Army defeat units of the Imperial Russian Army in a strategic confrontation.
  • 1913
    The Balkan States sign an armistice in Bucharest.
  • 1919
    German national assembly adopts the Weimar Constitution, which comes into force on August 14.
  • 1930
    The radio mystery program The Shadow airs for the first time.
  • 1932
    The NSDAP (Nazi Party) wins more than 38% of the vote in German elections.
  • 1938
    Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
  • 1938
    Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius the Great in Persepolis.
  • 1941
    The Holocaust: Under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring, orders SS General Reinhard Heydrich to “submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired Final Solution of the Jewish question.”

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