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March 18 Birthday Events Poster

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March 18 Historical Events

The following events took place on March 18. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 54 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 37
    The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’s will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
  • 633
    Ridda wars: The Arabian Peninsula is united under the central authority of Caliph Abu Bakr.
  • 1229
    Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, declares himself King of Jerusalem in the Sixth Crusade.
  • 1241
    First Mongol invasion of Poland: Mongols overwhelm Polish armies in Kraków in the Battle of Chmielnik and plunder the city.
  • 1314
    Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake.
  • 1438
    Albert II of Habsburg becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1608
    Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1644
    The Third Anglo-Powhatan War begins in the Colony of Virginia.
  • 1741
    New York governor George Clarke’s complex at Fort George is burned in an arson attack, starting the New York Conspiracy of 1741.
  • 1766
    American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act.
  • 1793
    The first republic in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
  • 1834
    Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
  • 1848
    March Revolution: In Berlin there is a struggle between citizens and military, costing about 300 lives.
  • 1850
    American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States adjourns for the last time.
  • 1871
    Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic, Adolphe Thiers, orders the evacuation of Paris.
  • 1874
    Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trade rights.
  • 1892
    Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best hockey team in Canada the Stanley Cup.
  • 1906
    Traian Vuia flies a heavier-than-air aircraft for 11 meters at an altitude of one meter.
  • 1913
    King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
  • 1915
    World War I: During the Battle of Gallipoli, three battleships are sunk during a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles.
  • 1921
    The second Peace of Riga is signed between Poland and the Soviet Union.
  • 1922
    In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience, of which he serves only two.
  • 1925
    The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people.
  • 1937
    The New London School explosion in New London, Texas, kills 300 people, mostly children.
  • 1937
    Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces defeat the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara.
  • 1937
    A human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 km outside Milan, Italy.
  • 1938
    Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders.
  • 1940
    World War II: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at the Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1942
    The War Relocation Authority is established in the United States to take Japanese Americans into custody.

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