March 19 Historical Events
The following events took place on March 19. The list is arranged in chronological order.
Found 42 events. Showing 1 - 30.
- 1279A Mongolian victory at the Battle of Yamen ends the Song dynasty in China.
- 1563The Edict of Amboise is signed, ending the first phase of the French Wars of Religion and granting certain freedoms to the Huguenots.
- 1649The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it “useless and dangerous to the people of England”.
- 1687Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
- 1812The Cádiz Cortes promulgates the Spanish Constitution of 1812.
- 1853The Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864.
- 1861The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.
- 1863The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000.
- 1865American Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville begins. By the end of the battle two days later, Confederate forces had retreated from Four Oaks, North Carolina.
- 1885Louis Riel declares a provisional government in Saskatchewan, beginning the North-West Rebellion.
- 1895Auguste and Louis Lumière record their first footage using their newly patented cinematograph.
- 1918The U.S. Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time.
- 1920The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (the first time was on November 19, 1919).
- 1921Irish War of Independence: One of the biggest engagements of the war takes place at Crossbarry, County Cork. About 100 Irish Republican Army (IRA) volunteers escape an attempt by over 1,300 British forces to encircle them.
- 1931Gambling is legalized in Nevada.
- 1932The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
- 1941World War II: The 99th Pursuit Squadron also known as the Tuskegee Airmen, the first all-black unit of the US Army Air Corps, is activated.
- 1943Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.
- 1944World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
- 1945World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power.
- 1945World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his “Nero Decree” ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.
- 1946French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France.
- 1954Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in colour.
- 1954Willie Mosconi sets a world record by running 526 consecutive balls without a miss during a straight pool exhibition at East High Billiard Club in Springfield, Ohio. The record still stands today.
- 1958The Monarch Underwear Company fire leaves 24 dead and 15 injured.
- 1962Highly influential artist, Bob Dylan releases his first album, Bob Dylan, on Columbia Records label.
- 1962The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.
- 1965The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is discovered by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after its destruction.
- 1966Texas Western becomes the first college basketball team to win the Final four with an all-black starting lineup.
- 1969The 385 m tall TV-mast at Emley Moor transmitting station, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build-up.
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