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November 21 Birthday Events Poster

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November 21 Historical Events

The following events took place on November 21. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 51 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 164 BC
    Judas Maccabeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. This event is commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
  • 235
    Pope Anterus succeeds Pontian as the nineteenth pope. During the persecutions of emperor Maximinus Thrax he is martyred.
  • 1009
    Lý Công Uẩn is enthroned as emperor of Đại Cồ Việt, founding the Lý dynasty.
  • 1386
    Timur of Samarkand captures and sacks the Georgian capital of Tbilisi, taking King Bagrat V of Georgia captive.
  • 1620
    Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact (November 11, O.S.).
  • 1783
    In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent d'Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight.
  • 1789
    North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis appoints Judah Benjamin secretary of war.
  • 1877
    Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound.
  • 1894
    Port Arthur, Manchuria, falls to the Japanese, a decisive victory of the First Sino-Japanese War, after which Japanese troops are accused of the massacre of the remaining inhabitants of the city. (Reports conflict on this subject.)
  • 1902
    The Philadelphia Football Athletics defeated the Kanaweola Athletic Club of Elmira, New York, 39–0, in the first ever professional American football night game.
  • 1905
    Albert Einstein’s paper, “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, is published in the journal Annalen der Physik. This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc².
  • 1910
    Sailors onboard Brazil’s most powerful military units, including the brand-new warships Brazilian battleship Minas Geraes, Brazilian battleship São Paulo, and Brazilian cruiser Bahia, violently rebel in what is now known as the Revolta da Chibata (Revolt of the Lash).
  • 1916
    World War I: A mine explodes and sinks HMHS Britannic in the Aegean Sea, killing 30 people.
  • 1918
    The Flag of Estonia, previously used by pro-independence activists, is formally adopted as the national flag of the Republic of Estonia.
  • 1918
    A pogrom takes place in Lwów (now Lviv); over three days, at least 50 Jews and 270 Ukrainian Christians are killed by Poles.
  • 1920
    Irish War of Independence: In Dublin, 31 people are killed in what became known as “Bloody Sunday”. This included fourteen British informants, fourteen Irish civilians and three Irish Republican Army prisoners.
  • 1922
    Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first female United States Senator.
  • 1927
    Columbine Mine massacre: Striking coal miners are allegedly attacked with machine guns by a detachment of state police dressed in civilian clothes.
  • 1942
    The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (however, the highway is not usable by general vehicles until 1943).
  • 1945
    The United Auto Workers strike 92 General Motors plants in 50 cities to back up worker demands for a 30-percent raise.
  • 1950
    Two Canadian National Railway trains collide in northeastern British Columbia in the Canoe River train crash; the death toll is 21, with 17 of them Canadian troops bound for Korea.
  • 1953
    The British Natural History Museum announces that the “Piltdown Man” skull, initially believed to be one of the most important fossilized hominid skulls ever found, is a hoax.
  • 1959
    American disc jockey Alan Freed, who had popularized the term “rock and roll” and music of that style, is fired from WABC-AM radio for refusing to deny allegations that he had participated in the payola scandal.
  • 1962
    The Chinese People’s Liberation Army declares a unilateral ceasefire in the Sino-Indian War.
  • 1964
    The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge opens to traffic. (At the time it is the world’s longest suspension bridge.)
  • 1964
    Second Vatican Council: The third session of the Roman Catholic Church’s ecumenical council closes.
  • 1967
    Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: “I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing.”
  • 1969
    U.S. President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Satō agree in Washington, D.C., on the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. is to retain its rights to bases on the island, but these are to be nuclear-free.
  • 1969
    The first permanent ARPANET link is established between UCLA and SRI.

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