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October 18 Birthday Events Poster

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October 18 Historical Events

The following events took place on October 18. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 41 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 320
    Pappus of Alexandria, Greek philosopher, observes an eclipse of the Sun and writes a commentary on The Great Astronomer (Almagest).
  • 614
    King Chlothar II promulgates the Edict of Paris (Edictum Chlotacharii), a sort of Frankish Magna Carta that defend the rights of the Frankish nobles while it excludes Jews from all civil employment in the Frankish Kingdom.
  • 629
    Dagobert I is crowned King of the Franks.
  • 1009
    The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church’s foundations down to bedrock.
  • 1016
    The Danes defeat the Saxons in the Battle of Assandun.
  • 1081
    The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
  • 1210
    Pope Innocent III excommunicates Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1356
    Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys the town of Basel, Switzerland.
  • 1386
    Opening of Heidelberg University.
  • 1540
    Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto’s forces destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa.
  • 1599
    Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia, defeats the Army of Andrew Báthory in the Battle of Șelimbăr, leading to the first recorded unification of the Romanian people.
  • 1648
    Boston Shoemakers form first American labor organization.
  • 1748
    Signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.
  • 1775
    African-American poet Phillis Wheatley is freed from slavery.
  • 1775
    American Revolutionary War: The Burning of Falmouth (now Portland, Maine).
  • 1779
    American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah is lifted.
  • 1797
    Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria
  • 1851
    Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.
  • 1860
    The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1867
    United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
  • 1898
    The United States takes possession of Puerto Rico from Spain.
  • 1912
    First Balkan War: King Peter I of Serbia issues a declaration “To the Serbian People”, as his country joins the war.
  • 1914
    The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
  • 1921
    The Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is formed as part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
  • 1922
    The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service.
  • 1929
    The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council overrules the Supreme Court of Canada in Edwards v. Canada when it declares that women are considered “Persons” under Canadian law.
  • 1944
    World War II: Soviet Union begins the liberation of Czechoslovakia from Nazi Germany.
  • 1945
    The USSR’s nuclear program receives plans for the United States plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • 1945
    A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, stages a coup d'état against president Isaías Medina Angarita, who is overthrown by the end of the day.
  • 1945
    Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón marries actress Eva “Evita” Duarte.

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