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October 3 Birthday Events Poster

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October 3 Historical Events

The following events took place on October 3. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 38 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 52 BC
    Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and Battle of Alesia.
  • 42 BC
    First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar’s assassins Brutus and Cassius.
  • 382
    Roman Emperor Theodosius I concludes a peace treaty with the Goths and settles them in the Balkans in exchange for military service.
  • 1283
    Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, is the first nobleman to be executed by hanging, drawing and quartering.
  • 1574
    The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen.
  • 1683
    The Qing dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1712
    The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.
  • 1739
    The Treaty of Niš is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian–Turkish War, 1736–39.
  • 1778
    Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska.
  • 1789
    George Washington makes the first Thanksgiving Day designated by the national government of the United States of America.
  • 1835
    The Staedtler company is founded in Nuremberg, Germany.
  • 1849
    American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.
  • 1863
    The last Thursday in November is declared as Thanksgiving Day by United States President Abraham Lincoln as are Thursdays, November 30, 1865 and November 29, 1866.
  • 1872
    The Bloomingdale brothers open their first store at 938 Third Avenue, New York City.
  • 1873
    Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.
  • 1912
    U.S. forces defeat Nicaraguan rebels under the command of Benjamín Zeledón at the Battle of Coyotepe Hill.
  • 1918
    King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne.
  • 1919
    Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a World Series.
  • 1929
    The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes is renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia, “Land of the South Slavs”.
  • 1932
    Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1935
    Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia under General de Bono.
  • 1942
    Spaceflight: The first successful launch of a V-2 /A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany. It is the first man-made object to reach space.
  • 1949
    WERD, the first black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta.
  • 1950
    Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San, primarily pitting Australian and British forces against communist China, begins.
  • 1952
    The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon to become the world’s third nuclear power.
  • 1957
    The California State Superior Court rules that Allen Ginsberg’s Howl and Other Poems is not obscene.
  • 1962
    Project Mercury: Sigma 7 is launched from Cape Canaveral, with astronaut Wally Schirra aboard, for a six-orbit, nine-hour flight.
  • 1963
    A violent coup in Honduras pre-empts the October 13 election, ends a period of reform, and begins two decades of military rule.
  • 1981
    The hunger strike by Provisional Irish Republican Army and Irish National Liberation Army prisoners at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland ends after seven months and ten deaths.
  • 1985
    The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight. (Mission STS-51-J).

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