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September 12 Birthday Events Poster

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September 12 Historical Events

The following events took place on September 12. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 62 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 490 BC
    Battle of Marathon: The conventionally accepted date for the Battle of Marathon. The Athenians and their Plataean allies, defeat the first Persian invasion force of Greece.
  • 372
    Sixteen Kingdoms: Jin Xiaowudi, age 10, succeeds his father Jin Jianwendi as Emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
  • 1185
    Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos brutally put to death in Constantinople.
  • 1213
    Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Battle of Muret.
  • 1229
    Battle of Portopí: The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
  • 1309
    The First Siege of Gibraltar takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile against the Emirate of Granada resulting in a Castilian victory.
  • 1609
    Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen.
  • 1683
    Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna – several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1814
    Battle of North Point: an American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812.
  • 1846
    Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
  • 1847
    Mexican–American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • 1848
    Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
  • 1857
    The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 13–15 tons of gold from the California Gold Rush.
  • 1885
    Arbroath 36–0 Bon Accord, a world record scoreline in professional Association football.
  • 1890
    Salisbury, Rhodesia, is founded.
  • 1897
    Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi.
  • 1906
    The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1910
    Premiere performance of Gustav Mahler’s Symphony No. 8 in Munich (with a chorus of 852 singers and an orchestra of 171 players. Mahler’s rehearsal assistant conductor was Bruno Walter)
  • 1919
    Adolf Hitler joins the German Workers’ Party (later the Nazi Party).
  • 1923
    Southern Rhodesia, today called Zimbabwe, is annexed by the United Kingdom.
  • 1930
    In cricket Wilfred Rhodes ends his 1110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower’s XI against the Australians.
  • 1933
    Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
  • 1938
    Adolf Hitler demands autonomy and self-determination for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1940
    Cave paintings are discovered in Lascaux, France.
  • 1940
    An explosion at the Hercules Powder Company plant in Kenvil, New Jersey kills 51 people and injures over 200.
  • 1942
    World War II: RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks with a heavy loss of life.
  • 1942
    World War II: First day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge during the Guadalcanal Campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces.
  • 1943
    World War II: Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is rescued from house arrest on the Gran Sasso in Abruzzi, by German commando forces led by Otto Skorzeny.
  • 1944
    World War II: The liberation of Serbia from Nazi Germany continues. Bajina Bašta in western Serbia is among those liberated cities. Near Trier, American troops enter Germany for the first time.
  • 1948
    Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s death.

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