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January 1 Historical Events

The following events took place on January 1. The list is arranged in chronological order.

Found 155 events. Showing 1 - 30.

  • 153 BC
    Roman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 45 BC
    The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.
  • 42 BC
    The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar
  • 69
    The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor.
  • 193
    The Senate chooses Pertinax against his will to succeed Commodus as Roman emperor.
  • 404
    An infuriated Roman mob tears Telemachus, a Christian monk, to pieces for trying to stop a gladiators’ fight in the public arena held in Rome.
  • 414
    Galla Placidia, half-sister of Emperor Honorius, is married to the Visigothic king Ataulf at Narbonne. The wedding is celebrated with Roman festivities and magnificent gifts from the Gothic booty.
  • 417
    Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum).
  • 1001
    Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II.
  • 1068
    Romanos IV Diogenes marries Eudokia Makrembolitissa and is crowned Byzantine Emperor.
  • 1259
    Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
  • 1438
    Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
  • 1502
    The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is first explored by the Portuguese.
  • 1515
    King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
  • 1527
    Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as King of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
  • 1600
    Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25.
  • 1651
    Charles II is crowned King of Scotland.
  • 1700
    Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1707
    John V is crowned King of Portugal.
  • 1739
    Bouvet Island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
  • 1772
    The first traveler’s cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London, England.
  • 1773
    The hymn that became known as “Amazing Grace”, then titled “1 Chronicles 17:16–17” is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, England.
  • 1776
    American Revolutionary War: Norfolk, Virginia is burned by combined Royal Navy and Continental Army action.
  • 1781
    American Revolutionary War: One thousand five hundred soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne’s command rebel against the Continental Army’s winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781.
  • 1788
    First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
  • 1800
    The Dutch East India Company is dissolved.
  • 1801
    The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1801
    The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
  • 1803
    Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1804
    French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and second independent country in North America after the United States

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